Analysis from pensions and investment company Aegon shows that a woman who has two children in her early thirties, takes a full two years of maternity leave and returns to work after the first child part time, could miss out on between £20,000 and £50,000 in retirement savings.
The analysis demonstrates the long-term effects of taking two years maternity leave and returning to work part time (three days a week) after the birth of the first child.
Someone who started their career earning £20,000 and who was earning around £24,000 at the point their first child is born could end up missing out on between £20,000 and £50,000 by the time they reach state pension age, depending on how many years they work part-time.
The £20,000 figure assumes part time work for the first ten years after the first child is born, while the £50,000 figure assumes that the individual works part time for the remainder of their working life.
The figures show the importance of planning ahead for parenthood and considering pension planning, not only as an individual but also as a couple so as not to find mum has a retirement savings shortfall once the children have left the nest. The issues would be just as real for the other parent if they were the primary carer and changed work patterns as above.
The analysis also shows the benefits of saving through a workplace pension as under automatic enrolment rules, every £1 saved out of take-home pay becomes £2 after the employer contribution and the tax boost from the Government. So any cut in personal contributions to a workplace pension leads to double the overall loss.
Kate Smith, head of pensions at Aegon comments: “Ante-natal classes are the tip of the iceberg when preparing for motherhood. There’s no denying that for both women and men, parenthood is life changing. But for women most commonly, it can create a gap in their retirement savings, and it’s not just the period of maternity leave.
“Many women tend to reduce their hours when returning to work due to parental responsibilities or due to the cost of childcare. This might be until school age or maybe until secondary school age depending on individual circumstances, which means a negative impact on retirement savings for a period of more than ten years. This could be even more if there is more than one child in the family. Based on our example, a mother who never returns to full time work faces an even greater retirement shortfall of around £50,000.
“Shared parental leave can be a help to some families as mum gets to return to work sooner and the other parent can step in. But one of the challenges around juggling work and the cost of childcare is really where the cost of being a parent impacts on pension savings.
“Women planning to take maternity leave and reduce their working hours should be prepared to make up for the breaks in their retirement savings in any way they can. Even better, they should plan ahead and start saving as much as they can before having children, to minimise the impact of pension savings gaps later on in life.
“On top of caring for children, families facing the additional responsibility of caring for elderly parents, also tends to lead to a reduction in working hours or stopping work prematurely and again this responsibility tends fall to the female. This creates yet another hole in a woman’s retirement savings plan. To plan for the unexpected, young women need to look to the future and have all scenarios factored into their savings plans when saving into their pension.
“While auto-enrolment has helped lots of people in the UK to start saving for retirement, women are being let down by the current auto-enrolment criteria. Women, who are more likely to be lower earners and work part time, are missing out on the benefits of retirement saving as they are less likely to meet the earnings eligibility criteria for auto-enrolment. And those who are self-employed, risk being in a similar position without access to auto-enrolment.
“Auto-enrolment needs to be more inclusive to include lower earners, who are disproportionately female. A solution needs to be found for individuals with multiple jobs, each below £10,000 allowing them to benefit automatically from an employer contribution. This will help to close the gender pension gap.”
“Another life event that can often put women behind on retirement savings is divorce. Pensions can often be overlooked when dividing assets and women are the ones who tend to lose out. The impact of divorce on retirement plans can be particularly difficult for women who typically build up lower pension pots than men, partly due to career breaks and lower average salaries. The value of a pension should not be missed and it’s important women keep track of pensions built up within a marriage so they can be taken into account should a marriage break up.
“Those divorcing in their late fifties should be extra vigilant as some more sneaky partners may take advantage of pension freedoms at age 55 and spend a good chunk of the pension pot before the divorce settlement.”
Tips to help you start planning your retirement
- Set retirement goals and review regularly
Set out your retirement goals and make a plan. Then regularly review how your pension is doing and adjust your contributions and investment choices when necessary to keep yourself on track to retire at age 58.
- Save what you can, no matter how little. Maximise your pension contributions.
You must start somewhere. A little now will make the difference later.
- Get a State pension scheme forecast and fill in any NI gaps to maximise your State pension.
Your plan won’t be accurate if you don’t have all the correct information. Make sure you are on track to getting your full State pension before it’s too late to do anything about it.
- Make up the gaps
Gaps in your pension savings history can leave you worse off in retirement. So the key is to plan ahead to minimise those gaps so you’re able to build up enough savings to work on a part-time basis, as your contributions are based on your salary, this will result in lower pension contributions. You could therefore think about increasing your pension contributions when you can afford to.