When you have lived five decades, your body will have something to show for the years. Understandably, ageing happens differently for people, but there are typical changes most people can expect as they enter the second half of the century. Some of these changes go beyond the physical and happen in the brain at a cellular level. Here are some body changes to expect in your 50s:
As you get older, your brain function dips a tiny bit. The brain parts that help with learning and complex mental activities shrink. Communication between neurons stops being as effective as in your younger years. You may start being slower in recalling words or doing multiple tasks at a go. Your ability to pay attention may also be lower than before. Fortunately, there are ways to preserve your brain power and memory. One way is to eat nutritious fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to provide your brain with the essential nutrients. Also, try to do activities that engage your cognitive functions.
Your immune system becomes less aggressive as you get older. That means that you become more susceptible to diseases. Your body is not effectively making effective cells to fight infections as it used to when you were younger. Moreover, your immune system could start attacking itself. The good thing to look forward to is that allergies, usually ramped up with an overreactive immunity, slow down. Vulnerability to flu and pneumonia becomes higher than ever before. Consider getting enough sleep and eating healthy foods to boost the effectiveness of your immune system.
Hearing loss tends to happen as you enter your sunset years. The loss could be a result of the natural ageing process or genetics. Other health concerns like diabetes, high blood pressure and heart problems can exacerbate hearing loss. Prioritize hearing appointments to arrest any issues early on and get the necessary interventions before the situation becomes direr.
In your 50s, your body’s ability to replace worn bone cells with newer one’s declines. You are more likely to have unreplaced broken-down bone cells when older. The bones will naturally become weaker. Low bone density, known as osteoporosis, is also prevalent in your 50s and older. The good news is that you can protect your bones and slow down the ageing effects by eating foods high in calcium and vitamin D. Incorporate resistance exercise and weight lifting in your fitness routine.
Muscle loss happens faster in your 50s and older. Your strength may be lower too. You can delay muscle loss by doing strength training exercises and lifting weights. That goes a long way in growing lean muscle mass and improving balance, which helps when older.
As you age and your level of activity declines, you become more prone to achy joints. That is chiefly a result of weaker muscles, wearing down of cartilage and lower levels of lubricating joint fluid. Your bones and joints are more likely to be in proper shape in your 50s if you have had a history of physical activity. Start by maintaining good posture to avoid putting excessive pressure on your joints. You should also check your weight and incorporate strength training to reduce joint issues. Increase your water intake so that your body can produce joint lubricating fluid from it.
Reproductive ability declines with age. Women start experiencing menopause in their 50s as the ovaries produce low progesterone and estrogen levels. The hormonal change comes with hot flashes, insomnia, depression, mood swings, and reduced sex drive. Men are not exempt either. Men experience andropause which comes after a decline in testosterone production.
Some of the common symptoms of low testosterone are, declined energy levels, lower muscle strength, low sex drive, etc. Interventions like testosterone replacement therapy can help counter those effects. Look to understand what is testosterone replacement therapy. Speak to an expert in this niche to find out if your hormone levels are lower than expected and possible solutions.
The walls of your heart become thicker, and the valves stiffen when you are older. That heightens the likelihood of heart attacks significantly. Also, since the pounds creep on you as you get older, there increases the likelihood of cardiovascular health issues. Protect your heart by keeping your weight and blood pressure in check. You should also consider quitting smoking to keep heart diseases at bay.
Your skin will get thinner with age. It becomes drier and fragile, making it easy to break. The effects of years of sun damage may start to show too. Be sure to moisturize your body and apply sunscreen to avoid sun damage. Eat hydrating foods and drink enough water to provide your skin with the moisture to remain supple.
Our bodies do not work as best as they did when we were younger. However, that is no reason to be scared of being older because advances in medicine and tech have made it easy to slow down the effects of ageing. You can definitely live your best years as you grow older.