What’s the difference between accounting and bookkeeping and which does my business need?

by Inna Kaushan, co-founder of Solna

If you run any kind of small business, you’ll recognise this scenario: You’re focused on delivering a project. Then the next one and the next one. Time flies by. And then it suddenly hits you – the year end is approaching, and you have accounts and tax returns to complete.

Only two things can help you ensure you don’t get into a last-minute panic again, accounting, and bookkeeping. These are important financial processes that’ll assist you with financial control and end-of-year tax affairs. But they’re not the same thing, and it’s important you understand the difference moving forward.

An effective alternative to popular options, Xero Accounting Software has many of the same features related to invoicing, Point of Sale (POS) management, bookkeeping, bank reconciliation and more, including integration with 3rd party software that you may wish to use.

What is bookkeeping?

Bookkeeping is the process of keeping accurate records of business transactions. All financial transactions are recorded and stored in your ‘books’. Additional activities include verifying and recording invoices, paying suppliers and keeping receipts.

What is a bookkeeper?

A bookkeeper is a data entry professional. A bookkeeper’s role is to maintain accurate business records. The ‘books’ a bookkeeper maintains are then used by an accountant to prepare finance reports and file tax returns. Some accounting practices offer bookkeeping as part of their service, so everything’s under one roof.

Do I need a bookkeeper?

You can practice good bookkeeping yourself with software. There are various tools out there, such as Rydoo. If you’re already on top of your books but are struggling to keep tabs on your invoices, you can track invoices with Solna

If you don’t want a hand in maintaining your books, outsourcing to a bookkeeper is the only way. Bookkeepers typically charge £50 an hour. Most freelancers will need three to four hours a month, so the outlay will be around £200 per month. If you earn way more than this then it makes sense to outsource to free up your time.

What is accounting?

Accounting is the process of presenting financial information in various reports. A relevant example is the end of year self-assessment. Simply put, accounting is the art of presenting information in different forms, such as balance sheets and income statements.

What is an accountant?

An accountant is a finance expert who manages your tax affairs on your behalf. Your accountant exists to provide up to date monetary business advice and help you run a tax efficient operation. Bookkeepers, by comparison, crunch data. They don’t provide advice or assist with the creation of financial reports or tax returns.

Do I need an accountant?

You don’t need an accountant to file your self-assessment tax return. You can do this yourself online in a matter of minutes. However, in doing so you run the risk of paying more income tax than you should. For example, you might not make proper use of your allowable expenses or setup a tax efficient payment structure.

Accountants are worth their weight in gold because they can advise you on the most tax efficient structure for your business. For instance, they might set up a PAYE scheme for you and note some payments as dividends. This is all complicated stuff if you’re not familiar with accounting – which is why you need an accountant.

 A close relationship

Whether you choose to take on a bookkeeper or do it yourself, it’s important you bring bookkeeping and accounting together. Both jobs are separate but the relationship between them should be close. Good bookkeeping makes an accountant’s life easier (and reduces your bill in the process) and good accounting ensures all your hard work is put to proper use when any financial reports or returns are created.

Remember that many day-to-day tasks you might assume are covered by bookkeeping aren’t. Bookkeeping doesn’t send out invoices for you nor does it automate payment remindersif they become past due. Bookkeeping will help you make informed business decisions, it won’ttrack your customer credit scores so that you stay in the loop about their risk profile. For these you’ll need an automated system that can generate invoices, chase them automatically and will allow you to check credit scores of your current and potential customers – so you know which customers are likely to be the riskiest in regards to getting paid on time.


Inna Kaushan is co-founder of Solna, a smart invoicing platform powered by credit score data. Solna speeds up the invoicing and payment process for freelancers and small businesses. Through leveraged credit data that is overlaid on the platform’s invoicing and reporting functionality, users get a clear picture of their customer’s financial health and their overall exposure to risk. The system’s automated credit control functionality automatically chases overdue invoices – freeing up time and ensuring faster payment.


Twitter: @solna_io


LinkedIn: Solna

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1 Comment

  • Great post. So many people forget how easy it is to forget about your bookkeeping when running a business. It’s so much better to let an expert handle it for you! Thanks again for sharing your thoughts!

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